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How to prevent diabetes?

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterised by high blood sugar levels. It is caused by either insufficient insulin secretion from the pancreas or insulin resistance, in which the body’s cells do not effectively use insulin. To prevent diabetes, it is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle.


Regular physical activity is essential for preventing diabetes. Exercise for at least 30 minutes a day can help improve insulin sensitivity and blood glucose control. For individuals who need to lose weight, aim for at least 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous activity daily.


A balanced diet is also crucial for diabetes prevention.
Aim to consume a variety of nutrient-dense foods, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats. Limit consumption of processed and sugary foods.


Maintaining a healthy weight is also important for diabetes prevention.
Calculate your body mass index (BMI) to determine your healthy weight range based on your height and gender. If you are overweight, aim to lose weight gradually through a combination of diet and exercise.


In addition to regular physical activity and a healthy diet, it is important to manage stress levels and get adequate sleep. Chronic stress and lack of sleep can increase the risk of diabetes by affecting blood sugar control and insulin sensitivity.


Lastly, regular health check-ups can help identify risk factors for diabetes and facilitate early intervention.
Regular monitoring of blood sugar levels, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels can help detect early signs of diabetes and reduce the risk of complications.


In conclusion, diabetes can be prevented by making simple lifestyle changes, such as increasing physical activity, maintaining a healthy diet and weight, managing stress, getting adequate sleep, and monitoring health regularly. By taking these steps, individuals can reduce their risk of diabetes and improve overall health.